Last updated on July 26th, 2017 at 03:34 pm
The following titles exist within the group (not technically a department) Producers.
- Executive Producer
- Associate Producer
- Producers’ Assistant
In Australian A-Z Budget – Feature Films these rolesÂ are in sectionÂ B.1 Producers.
Producers are Above-The-Line.Â The-Line is said to differentiateÂ the team responsible for the creative controlÂ of a motion picture from the technicians and crafts-people who make the film. More accurately Above-The-Line crew are attached during the Development phase of a productionÂ while Below-The-LineÂ crew are hired once the financing is in place and Preproduction phase begins. Costume, Art and Makeup departments areÂ creative, but they still fall Below-The-Line.
Producers, but not the Producer’s Assistant, are considered ManagementÂ by unions such as MEAA so their rates of pay are not defined in the standard industrial agreements. This isÂ somewhat tricky for independent producers who are often caught between the funding bodies (studios, government funders, investors) and the unions.
Historically, anyoneÂ could get a producer credit even if they don’t actually produce the movie. The Producer’s Guild in the USA has long fought for the rights of working producers. Recently the Producer’s MarkÂ of the post nominals “p.g.a.” is used for producers who undertook a major portion of the producing duties on a motion picture.
The Producers’ fees on Australian feature films is oftenÂ equal with the Director and Screenwriter, due to most favoured nation clauses supported by funding bodies and unions. However Producers typically canÂ own equity in the film and participate in profits of the film while (again typically) Director, Screenwriter and Actors may receive a share of the Producer’s profits. Any Above-The-Line people with sufficient clout or investment can own a share of the equity.
The Producerâ€™s Offset scheme limits Qualifying Australian Production Expenditure (QAPE) onÂ Above-The-LineÂ to 20% of Total Film Expenditure. Before the Producerâ€™s Offset, Australian funding bodies have historically limited Producers’ fees to 3% of the production budget for feature films with government investment or grants.